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What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the face. It is prevalent amongst fair-skinned individuals, especially of Celtic and northern European origin and is more common in women. The characteristic skin lesions (redness, visible blood vessels, papules and pustules) appear in the middle of the face (forehead, nose, cheeks) between the ages of 20 and 50. Flushing due to spicy food, alcohol, weather changes, sun, hot showers etc, often have a negative impact on the patients’ social life. Stinging, burning, sensitivity of the skin and intolerance to cosmetics are also very common and in some cases the eyes can become red, dry and itchy.  

Disease overview


["roh-ZAY-sha "]

Rosacea is a common skin disorder that often begins as redness in the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead. Many patients find that this redness can be triggered by external factors such as temperature changes or certain foods and drinks. It can also be triggered by stress and is sometimes mistaken for blushing. Both men and women get rosacea. Women may be more likely to experience rosacea, however men are more likely to have more severe forms of the disease.
People with rosacea often find that this redness appears and disappears at the beginning, but over time certain areas of the face may stay red. These areas sometimes have visible blood vessels or tiny pimples that may look similar to acne. As with acne, there are some microorganisms that seem to play a role in symptoms. However, it is important to realize that rosacea is not ‘infectious,’ and cannot be transmitted from one person to another. Some people also find their skin to be more sensitive to irritation and can experience burning or itching sensations. Powell 2005


There is no specific test for rosacea. A dermatologist or other health care provider will usually make a diagnosis by examining the affected skin. However, your doctor may ask several questions that may help ensure a proper diagnosis or to rule out other skin disorders. These include questions about: Powell 2005

  • Ancestry—people of Celtic or Northern European descent are more likely to have rosacea
  • Family history—you’re more likely to have rosacea if someone in your family has it as well
  • Medications—reactions to certain medications can cause symptoms similar to rosacea

Emotional Consequences

The effects of rosacea go beyond skin problems—there is an emotional side to the disease as well. Surveys have shown these emotional consequences often weigh heavily on people with rosacea. In a survey performed by the National Rosacea Society that include over 500 people with rosacea, 42% reported feeling sad or depressed by the appearance of their skin. In this survey, rosacea was second only to weight gain as the top age-related concern—making it a greater source of anxiety than many other common concerns, such as wrinkles, thinning hair and cellulite. National Rosacea Society



  • Rosacea is a skin disorder that occurs in both men and women, and is most common in people of Celtic or Northern European descent
  • Rosacea typically begins as skin redness that can flare up in certain situations; over time the affected areas may stay red, and visible blood vessels and pimples may appear
  • Your doctor will typically diagnose rosacea by examining your skin, however they may ask questions about ancestry, family history, or other medications to confirm the diagnosis
  • Rosacea carries a significant emotional burden, and can lead to anxiety

Causes, Triggers, and Risk Factors

The exact cause of rosacea is not known, but researchers think that both genetic and environmental factors play a role. Almost one third of people with rosacea have a family history of the disease, which suggests that genetics are important in this disease. People with rosacea also find that there are several environmental factors that “trigger” their rosacea. You may notice that some of these factors in your daily life trigger your rosacea symptoms such as facial flushing. Triggers can be very different from one person to the next, and it is important for you to keep track of your triggers to help you avoid them and minimize flare-ups.

Factors that may trigger rosacea include: National Rosacea Society


Affected, %

Sun exposure


Emotional stress


Hot weather




Heavy exercise


Alcohol consumption


Hot baths


Cold weather


Spicy foods




Indoor heat


Certain skin care products


Heated beverages


Certain cosmetics




Medical conditions


Certain fruits


Marinated meats


Certain vegetables


Dairy products


Data based on an unscientific survey by the National Rosacea Society of 1066 patients with rosacea.

There are also known risk factors for rosacea. While anyone can develop rosacea, these factors can alter your risk showing symptoms:

Family History

30% of patients with rosacea have a family history of the disease. This means that if rosacea runs in your family, you’re more likely to have it yourself.Powell 2005

Light Complexion

People with fair or light skin, especially those of Celtic or Northern European ancestry, are at greater risk.Powell 2005


People between the ages of 30 and 60 are more likely to develop rosacea, especially women of this age going through menopause.Mayo Clinic


People that experience frequent flushing or blushing are more likely to be diagnosed with rosacea.Mayo Clinic


The Galderma India website is focused on educating the public and patients about skin conditions and the different types of treatments that are available to treat and manage these diseases. 

This website is not intended to promote the use of Galderma India products or to provide information on which to base medical treatment. This site is not intended as a substitute for medical advice from your doctor. We encourage you to use the information contained in this site to educate yourself about your disease and allow better communication between you and your healthcare professional. Please consult a dermatologist or other healthcare professional for more information about your condition and the product that is right for you.

The information on this site is only India-specific and contains information that is within the approved indications in India. Please contact our local Galderma representative for the latest product related information.

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